Molecular Analysis of Immune-Escape Mutants of Hepatitis B Virus from Local Clinical Samples

Authors

  • CHANDRA JINATA
  • ERNAWATI ARIFIN GIRI-RACHMAN
  • DEBBIE SOEFIE RETNONINGRUM

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.6.1.2

Keywords:

hepatitis B virus, immune-escape mutant, major hydrophilic region, small hepatitis B surface antigen

Abstract

Small hepatitis B surface antigen (sHBsAg) is used as a component of hepatitis B vaccine. Even though this vaccine is known to be effective in preventing hepatitis B disease, natural mutation may induce Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) to form immune-escape mutant. This mutant is not only capable of infecting hepatitis B-vaccinated people, but also causing commercial diagnostic assay failure. Immune-escape mutant is generally detected from amino acid change at Major Hydrophilic Region (MHR) of sHBsAg while the change occurred outside the region may also lead to immune-escape mutant formation. This research was aimed to investigate the presence of HBV immune-escape mutants in local clinical samples in Indonesia. sHBsAg gene of seventeen HBV samples from local patients were amplified by polymerase chain reactions then subjected to two-directional sequencing. The DNA sequences later were analyzed by bioinformatics programs. Fifteen out of seventeen samples were genotype B and subtype adw2, while the other two were genotype C and subtype adrq+. Among fifteen genotype B samples, twelve of them were not immune-escape mutants, two were immune-escape mutants that have been previously reported (Gln129Arg and Met133Leu), and one was a mutant outside MHR that has not been previously reported as an immune-escape mutant (Tyr161Ser). Both samples of genotype C group were not immune-escape mutants. As conclusion, by investigating seventeen local clinical HBV samples, it was known that two of seventeen samples were confirmed as immune-escape mutants and one of seventeen samples was a mutant outside MHR.

Published

2012-04-29

How to Cite

JINATA, C., GIRI-RACHMAN, E. A., & RETNONINGRUM, D. S. (2012). Molecular Analysis of Immune-Escape Mutants of Hepatitis B Virus from Local Clinical Samples. Microbiology Indonesia, 6(1), 2. https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.6.1.2

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