Morphology and Histology Identification of Fungal Endophytes from Oil Palm Roots in Ganoderma boninense Endemic Area

Authors

  • ELIZABETH CAROLINE SITUMORANG Microbiome Technology Laboratory, Plant Production and Biotechnology Division, PT Smart Tbk, Sinarmas Land Plaza Tower 2, 28th Fl. Jalan MH Thamrin No. 51, Kav 22, Gondangdia, Jakarta Pusat,10350, Indonesia
  • ANDRIESSA PRAMESWARA Microbiome Technology Laboratory, Plant Production and Biotechnology Division, PT Smart Tbk, Sinarmas Land Plaza Tower 2, 28th Fl. Jalan MH Thamrin No. 51, Kav 22, Gondangdia, Jakarta Pusat,10350, Indonesia
  • HANA CHRISTINE SINTHYA Microbiome Technology Laboratory, Plant Production and Biotechnology Division, PT Smart Tbk, Sinarmas Land Plaza Tower 2, 28th Fl. Jalan MH Thamrin No. 51, Kav 22, Gondangdia, Jakarta Pusat,10350, Indonesia
  • NURITA TORUAN-MATHIUS Microbiome Technology Laboratory, Plant Production and Biotechnology Division, PT Smart Tbk, Sinarmas Land Plaza Tower 2, 28th Fl. Jalan MH Thamrin No. 51, Kav 22, Gondangdia, Jakarta Pusat,10350, Indonesia
  • TONY LIWANG Microbiome Technology Laboratory, Plant Production and Biotechnology Division, PT Smart Tbk, Sinarmas Land Plaza Tower 2, 28th Fl. Jalan MH Thamrin No. 51, Kav 22, Gondangdia, Jakarta Pusat,10350, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.7.4.9

Keywords:

basal stem rot, Elaeis guineensis, endemic area, oil palm, root endophytic-fungi

Abstract

Endophytic fungi defined as fungi that colonize internal plant tissues without causing visible damage to their host plant. As they are internal colonisers, therefore more able to compete within the vascular systems with capacity to arrest the spread of pathogens such as Ganoderma boninense causal agent of Basal Stem Rot (BSR) disease in oil palm. Endophytic microbes acted against plant pathogen by antibiosis mechanism, nutrient and space competition, and induce plant pathogen resistance by producing metabolites. The objective of the present study was to identify endophytic fungi from oil palm roots in G. boninense endemic area Padang Halaban Estate, North Sumatera, based on morphological and histological character. At each site, five random palms were sampled. Seventy five endophytic fungi had been isolated and selected from BSR symptomless palm root. Identification of fungal endophytes were carried out by observing the reproductive structures (sexual and asexual) under a light-field microscope with camera attachment. Seventy five isolates were classified to eight genera, consisting of Trichoderma (20), Fusarium (10), Aspergillus (5), Penicillium (5), Gliocladium (4), Phoma (4), Alternaria (4), and Curvularia (3). Twenty others were unidentified due to sterile mycelia.

Published

2014-04-11

How to Cite

SITUMORANG, E. C., PRAMESWARA, A., SINTHYA, H. C., TORUAN-MATHIUS, N., & LIWANG, T. (2014). Morphology and Histology Identification of Fungal Endophytes from Oil Palm Roots in Ganoderma boninense Endemic Area. Microbiology Indonesia, 7(4), 9. https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.7.4.9

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