Isolation and Characterization of New Antibiotics from Indonesian Coastal Marine Bacteria

Authors

  • VERONICA VERONICA
  • BIBIANA W LAY
  • STELLA MAGDALENA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.8.3.1

Keywords:

antibiotics, marine bacteria, Streptomyces sp., extraction, thin layer chromatography

Abstract

Antibiotics are organic compounds produced by various microorganisms and have the ability to inhibit the growth or kill other microorganisms. However, the irrational application of antibiotics lead to resistance of microorganisms so that they become ineffective. The objectives of this study were to isolate and characterize new antibiotics from Indonesian coastal marine bacteria. In this study, a total of 141 isolates consisting of seven Streptomyces sp. isolates and 134 isolates of other marine bacteria, were obtained from Indonesian coastal regions. Based on antimicrobial activity assay, four Streptomyces sp. and five marine bacteria isolates showed antimicrobial activity towards Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus with the diameter of inhibition of 3-12 mm. Further, antimicrobial compounds were produced successfully extracted with six organic solvents, such as 1-butanol, dichloromethane, n-hexane, chloroform, and toluene. The best solvent to extract antimicrobial compounds from Streptomyces sp. isolates was 1-butanol, while the best solvent to extract antimicrobial compounds from other marine bacteria isolates could not be specified. Antimicrobial compounds were successfully separated by thin layer chromatography with mobile phase used were 1-butanol, acetic acid, and water at a ratio of 4:1:2 and retention values obtained at 0.50 and 0.63.

Downloads

Published

2014-09-30

How to Cite

VERONICA, V., LAY, B. W., & MAGDALENA, S. (2014). Isolation and Characterization of New Antibiotics from Indonesian Coastal Marine Bacteria. Microbiology Indonesia, 8(3), 1. https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.8.3.1
                                                                  ADOConnection.CacheExecute(3600, SELECT 				o.submission_id, 				MAX(s.context_id) AS journal_id, 				MAX(i.date_published) AS i_pub, 				MAX(p.date_published) A..., Array[2]) % line  132, file: DAO.inc.php
                                                               DAO.retrieveCached(SELECT 				o.submission_id, 				MAX(s.context_id) AS journal_id, 				MAX(i.date_published) AS i_pub, 				MAX(p.date_published) A..., Array[2], 3600) % line   91, file: ArticleSearchDAO.inc.php
                                                            ArticleSearchDAO.getPhraseResults(Object:Journal, Array[1], null, null, , 500, 1) % line  201, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                                         SubmissionSearch._getMergedPhraseResults(Object:Journal, Array[1], , null, null, 500, 1) % line  146, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                                      SubmissionSearch._getMergedKeywordResults(Object:Journal, Array[4], , null, null, 500, 1) % line  194, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                                   SubmissionSearch._getMergedPhraseResults(Object:Journal, Array[4], null, null, null, 500, 1) % line  146, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                                SubmissionSearch._getMergedKeywordResults(Object:Journal, Array[3], null, null, null, 500, 1) % line  132, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                             SubmissionSearch._getMergedArray(Object:Journal, Array[1], null, null) % line  263, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                          SubmissionSearch.retrieveResults(Object:Request, Object:Journal, Array[1], null, null, null, Object:DBResultRange, Array[1]) % line   92, file: RecommendBySimilarityPlugin.inc.php
                                       RecommendBySimilarityPlugin.callbackTemplateArticlePageFooter(Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter, Array[3]) % line  107, file: HookRegistry.inc.php
                                    HookRegistry.call(Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter, Array[3]) % line 1256, file: PKPTemplateManager.inc.php
                                 PKPTemplateManager.smartyCallHook(Array[1], Object:Smarty_Internal_Template) % line   43, file: 42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^1c372c95cd85572e0fbc9a53d0323a0b229cfc78_0.app.frontendpagesarticle.tpl.php
                              content_6082325297a527_48332634(Object:Smarty_Internal_Template) % line  123, file: smarty_template_resource_base.php
                           Smarty_Template_Resource_Base.getRenderedTemplateCode(Object:Smarty_Internal_Template) % line  114, file: smarty_template_compiled.php
                        Smarty_Template_Compiled.render(Object:Smarty_Internal_Template) % line  216, file: smarty_internal_template.php
                     Smarty_Internal_Template.render(false, 1) % line  232, file: smarty_internal_templatebase.php
                  Smarty_Internal_TemplateBase._execute(Object:Smarty_Internal_Template, null, 42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101, null, 1) % line  134, file: smarty_internal_templatebase.php
               Smarty_Internal_TemplateBase.display(frontend/pages/article.tpl, null, 42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101, null) % line  924, file: PKPTemplateManager.inc.php
            PKPTemplateManager.display(frontend/pages/article.tpl) % line  287, file: ArticleHandler.inc.php
         ArticleHandler.view(Array[1], Object:Request) % line  391, file: PKPRouter.inc.php
      PKPRouter._authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array[2], Object:Request, Array[1], false) % line  231, file: PKPPageRouter.inc.php
   PKPPageRouter.route(Object:Request) % line  143, file: Dispatcher.inc.php
Dispatcher.dispatch(Object:Request) % line  281, file: PKPApplication.inc.php
PKPApplication.execute() % line   68, file: index.php

Most read articles by the same author(s)