Analysis of Pink Pigmented Facultative Methylotroph Bacteria from Human Environments

Authors

  • DIANA ELIZABETH WATURANGI
  • ANDREAS KUSUMA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.2.3.3

Keywords:

pigmented facultative methylotroph, human environments, chlorine resistance

Abstract

The formation of pink biofilm in wet places are usually correlated with chlorine-resistant pink pigmented facultative methylotrophs (PPFM). In this study we investigated the presence of PPFM bacteria through bacterial isolation and detection of mxaF gene from wet places of human-made environments. A total of eighteen PPFM bacterial isolates were recovered from the formation of biofilm bacterial of four test places such as washstands, bathrooms, and potable water supplies. Confirmation of the isolates through biochemical analysis were done using catalase, oxidase and urease tests. Chlorine-resistance-activity was assayed for all of the isolates. Antibiotic resistance were examined for ampicillin (25 μg), tetracycline (30 μg), kanamycin (30 μg), trimethoprim (1.25 μg), and streptomycin (10 μg) using the agar diffusion method. Genomic DNA was subjected to PCR analysis with primers corresponding to the 5’- and 3’- end conserved segments of the mxaF gene. PCR amplification followed by DNA sequencing of 16S rRNA gene were done for some isolates. We recovered 18 isolates of PPFM bacteria. Biochemical analysis indicated that the isolates were positive for catalase, oxidase, and urease activities. Chlorine-resistance-analysis showed the majority of the isolates were resistant to chlorine. Antibiotic resistance assays showed all of the isolates exhibited resistance to trimethoprim but were sensitive to streptomycin, kanamycin, and tetracycline but were variably resistant to ampicilin. PCR detection using specific primers for the mxaF gene gave a positive result for all of the isolates. DNA sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene of two isolates showed that isolate WD10 had a 98% similarity with the mxaF gene from Methylobacterium lusitanum strain MP2 and isolate WK2 had a 98% similarity to the mxaF gene from Afipia felis strain RD1. The formation of pink biofilm of four wet areas in this study were correlated with the presence of chlorine-resistant PPFM bacteria and we confirmed with the presence of the mxaF gene in all of the isolates. This finding needs to be widely publicized since some PPFM bacteria were known as opportunistic pathogens.

Downloads

How to Cite

WATURANGI, D. E., & KUSUMA, A. (2010). Analysis of Pink Pigmented Facultative Methylotroph Bacteria from Human Environments. Microbiology Indonesia, 2(3), 3. https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.2.3.3
                                                                  ADOConnection.CacheExecute(3600, SELECT 				o.submission_id, 				MAX(s.context_id) AS journal_id, 				MAX(i.date_published) AS i_pub, 				MAX(p.date_published) A..., Array[2]) % line  132, file: DAO.inc.php
                                                               DAO.retrieveCached(SELECT 				o.submission_id, 				MAX(s.context_id) AS journal_id, 				MAX(i.date_published) AS i_pub, 				MAX(p.date_published) A..., Array[2], 3600) % line   91, file: ArticleSearchDAO.inc.php
                                                            ArticleSearchDAO.getPhraseResults(Object:Journal, Array[1], null, null, , 500, 1) % line  201, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                                         SubmissionSearch._getMergedPhraseResults(Object:Journal, Array[1], , null, null, 500, 1) % line  146, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                                      SubmissionSearch._getMergedKeywordResults(Object:Journal, Array[4], , null, null, 500, 1) % line  194, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                                   SubmissionSearch._getMergedPhraseResults(Object:Journal, Array[4], null, null, null, 500, 1) % line  146, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                                SubmissionSearch._getMergedKeywordResults(Object:Journal, Array[3], null, null, null, 500, 1) % line  132, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                             SubmissionSearch._getMergedArray(Object:Journal, Array[1], null, null) % line  263, file: SubmissionSearch.inc.php
                                          SubmissionSearch.retrieveResults(Object:Request, Object:Journal, Array[1], null, null, null, Object:DBResultRange, Array[1]) % line   92, file: RecommendBySimilarityPlugin.inc.php
                                       RecommendBySimilarityPlugin.callbackTemplateArticlePageFooter(Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter, Array[3]) % line  107, file: HookRegistry.inc.php
                                    HookRegistry.call(Templates::Article::Footer::PageFooter, Array[3]) % line 1256, file: PKPTemplateManager.inc.php
                                 PKPTemplateManager.smartyCallHook(Array[1], Object:Smarty_Internal_Template) % line   43, file: 42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101^1c372c95cd85572e0fbc9a53d0323a0b229cfc78_0.app.frontendpagesarticle.tpl.php
                              content_6082325297a527_48332634(Object:Smarty_Internal_Template) % line  123, file: smarty_template_resource_base.php
                           Smarty_Template_Resource_Base.getRenderedTemplateCode(Object:Smarty_Internal_Template) % line  114, file: smarty_template_compiled.php
                        Smarty_Template_Compiled.render(Object:Smarty_Internal_Template) % line  216, file: smarty_internal_template.php
                     Smarty_Internal_Template.render(false, 1) % line  232, file: smarty_internal_templatebase.php
                  Smarty_Internal_TemplateBase._execute(Object:Smarty_Internal_Template, null, 42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101, null, 1) % line  134, file: smarty_internal_templatebase.php
               Smarty_Internal_TemplateBase.display(frontend/pages/article.tpl, null, 42362804174f266c598cdb32c3208fc745b92101, null) % line  924, file: PKPTemplateManager.inc.php
            PKPTemplateManager.display(frontend/pages/article.tpl) % line  287, file: ArticleHandler.inc.php
         ArticleHandler.view(Array[1], Object:Request) % line  391, file: PKPRouter.inc.php
      PKPRouter._authorizeInitializeAndCallRequest(Array[2], Object:Request, Array[1], false) % line  231, file: PKPPageRouter.inc.php
   PKPPageRouter.route(Object:Request) % line  143, file: Dispatcher.inc.php
Dispatcher.dispatch(Object:Request) % line  281, file: PKPApplication.inc.php
PKPApplication.execute() % line   68, file: index.php