Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern Among Diabetic Outpatients with Urinary Tract infection in Pontianak

Authors

  • Mardhia Mardhia Universitas Tanjungpura
  • Mahyarudin Mahyarudin Universitas Tanjungpura
  • Abror Irsan Universitas Tanjungpura

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.14.3.1

Abstract

Diabetic patients are associated with a higher risk of infection. The research purposed to identify antibiotic susceptibility patterns among diabetic outpatients with urinary tract infection in Pontianak. An experimental study was performed for 13 bacterial isolates of diabetic outpatients with urinary tract infection in the Clinic of Diabetes Mellitus, Sultan Syarif Mohamad Alkadrie Hospital, Pontianak. The disc diffusion method was used to perform the susceptibility of antibiotics to the bacterial isolates. Among 13 isolates, the most common causative agent of urinary tract infection was Escherichia coli (53.85%), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (30.77%). Klebsiella spp and Enterobacter aerogenes were 7.69%. Most isolates of bacteria of the study had a high sensitivity to Cefepime (92.31%), then followed by Levofloxacin, Amikacin, and Meropenem for 84.62%. The study revealed low sensitivity of bacteria to Amoxicillin/Clavulanate, Co-Trimoxazole, Cefazoline and Ceftriaxone (30.77%, 23.08 %, 23.08%, 23.08%, respectively). All bacterial isolates had high resistance to Ampicillin. Moreover, multidrug resistance observed among bacterial isolates.

Keywords: antibiotic susceptibility, diabetes, urinary tract infections

Author Biographies

Mardhia Mardhia, Universitas Tanjungpura

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Tanjungpura, Jl. Prof. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak, 78124, mardhia@medical.untan.ac.id, 08195452038

Mahyarudin Mahyarudin, Universitas Tanjungpura

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Tanjungpura, Jl. Prof. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak, 78124, mahyarudin@medical.untan.ac.id, 082150405040

Abror Irsan, Universitas Tanjungpura

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Tanjungpura, Jl. Prof. Hadari Nawawi, Pontianak, 78124, dr.abror@medical.untan.ac.id, 089677771338

Published

2020-09-30

How to Cite

Mardhia, M., Mahyarudin, M., & Irsan, A. (2020). Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern Among Diabetic Outpatients with Urinary Tract infection in Pontianak. Microbiology Indonesia, 14(3), 1. https://doi.org/10.5454/mi.14.3.1